Ninh Binh: Vietnam's Hidden Gem
Updated: 24/07/2018
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Source: A Detailed Travel Guide to Vietnam's Hidden Gem

This Ninh Binh travel guide has all you need to know to plan your trip to one of the most fascinating places in Vietnam. Don’t miss it!

It boasts of the most majestic and impressive natural landscapes in Southeast Asia, yet so many travelers overlook it.

Ninh Binh is a fascinating place where apart from an inspiring scenery, you have easy access to the most rural and authentic side Vietnam.

This travel guide of Ninh Binh is packed with the most up-to-date and reliable information (December 2016) to plan your trip and start making your itinerary.

Let’s start!

ninh binh travel guide scenery rice fields
Prepare to feel like you are in a National Geographic documentary ALL THE TIME.

Sections of Ninh Binh Guide



Is Ninh Binh worth it?

First things first. If you’re still in doubt if you should go to Ninh Binh or not, my answer is YES. DEFINITELY YES. Now I can’t believe I was considering dropping Ninh Binh from my trip and it’s my #1 suggestion for anyone who’s going to Vietnam soon.

Since Ninh Binh is not frequently featured in itineraries to travel through Vietnam, I feel I need to explain why this was my absolute favorite destination in the country.

Ninh Binh province is located in northern Vietnam, about 100km south of Hanoi. With its hundreds of limestone cliffs emerging from the ground scattered across the rice fields, this region is appropriately nicknamed the “Halong Bay in land”.

Apart from this stunning scenery, Ninh Binh is a great opportunity to peek into the rural way of living. It’s all very laid-back and serene, just how the Vietnam experience should be.


How to get to Ninh Binh

How to get from Hanoi to Ninh Binh

From Hanoi, you can reach Ninh Binh city by train. There are at least 3 southbound trains available (SE5, SE7, SE19).

A more convenient option is the bus. There are regular buses from Hanoi’s southern bus terminal (Giap Bat) with prices starting at 70,000 dong. However I don’t recommend getting the absolute cheapest ones – you might get cranked in a tiny seat inside an overcrowded bus. UPDATE: a reader has reported these buses are no longer in operation. Do your research.

Both the train and the bus take 2 hours, give or take, and you can book the trip with any travel agent.

How to get to Ninh Binh from other places

If you’re coming from the south, you also have both the train and bus options. The train going to Hanoi from Hue stops in Ninh Binh so shouldn’t be too hard to get into one.

There are buses going to Ninh Binh directly from Halong Bay or Cat Ba. It’s very convenient as it allows you go to both areas without having to pass through Hanoi. There is a bus from Bay Chay station (Xe Be Bay Chay) that goes to Ninh Binh – check my experience below.

Make sure you ask where does the bus stops, as there will be buses heading to Ninh Binh town and others to Tam Coc (7km away). The latter stop in front of The Long Hotel.

My experience getting to Ninh Binh

To get to Ninh Binh I came directly from my cruise in Halong Bay. I pre-booked a ticket which included a taxi to the Bay Chay station and then a bus from there to Ninh Binh. What it was supposed to be 4 hour-trip ended up taking 6 long hours and I could use a bit more leg space. Other than that, all good.

A good travel agent can go through all the possible options with you and check what is the best. Usually it’s worth the extra commission, just ask away all the questions you have!

Best time to visit Ninh Binh

 ninh binh travel guide
Average temperatures in Ninh Binh throughout the year. Note this is for the city. In more remote areas, the temperatures can be a bit more extreme.

Almost any time of the year is good to visit Ninh Binh.

Like in all the north Vietnam, May to October in Ninh Binh is hot, humid and with high rainfall. The region can be specially vulnerable to typhoons during September. November to April months tend to be cooler and dry.

However, the rainy season is also when the rice fields are at their best vivid green, so there’s really a reason to visit all year round!

ninh binh travel guide rice paddy fields november
In the dry season, the rice fields turn gold.

My experience in Ninh Binh in November

I was in Ninh Binh in late November and it didn’t feel busy at all which was a blessing. Exploring such a laid-back place with crowds everywhere must be frustrating.

The only drawback of this time were the paddy fields. Most of the rice is harvested in September, by November all that is left are yellow-ish – and many times brown muddy – fields. It doesn’t take away the charm of the place though.

As for the weather, we had mostly sunny days during all our time there. However, temperatures were not so high (around 20C). The evenings were quite chilly and it was the only time on my 2-month backpacking trip I had to wear long sleeves.

Getting around Ninh Binh

ninh binh travel guide bai dinh pagoda
Bai Dinh Pagoda at dusk.

Ninh Binh is one of those places you absolutely need to get your own transport. Otherwise you’ll miss out tremendously.

In fact, one of the highlights of the place was to make my way through the rice fields on a motorbike with the wind in my face. It’s hands down the best way to explore the surroundings. You can rent it from 100k dong/day from hotels or travel agents.

The other option is to rent a bike. Almost all the region is pretty much flat and the roads – both the main and secondary – are in decent conditions (don’t expect luxury though). Biking is a great option to get around Tam Coc – we actually did this on the last day.

However, if you want to cover all main sites prepare to cover around 30km per day. Places like Bai Dinh Pagoda or even Trang An can be just too far away.

In any case, make sure you leave the main roads and travel between places along the more authentic country lanes.

Looking down on the Ngô Đồng river

Top things to do in Ninh Binh

The city of Ninh Binh itself is not pretty and there’s basically NOTHING to see there. Two strong reasons to find accommodation elsewhere. All major attractions are outside, concentrated in four different areas.

Ninh Binh Top Attractions

Area Main attractions
Trang An - Trang An Grottoes
- Hoa Lu Temple
- Bai Dinh Pagoda
- Thung Nham Bird Garden
Tam Coc - Tam Coc Rice Fields
- Tam Coc Boat Ride
- Bích Động Pagoda
- Hang Mua Temple
Van Long - Vân Long Nature Reserve
- Dich Long Cave and Pagoda
Cuc Phuong - Cuc Phuong National Park
- Phat Diem Cathedral

I’ll go through some of these in detail.

Go on a boat ride in Trang An

Emerging from the cave - Van Long Nature Reserve
Leaving a cave in Trang An.

This was the first thing I did in Ninh Binh and turned out to be one of my favorite things of the whole trip. You basically hop on a small rowing boat and a lady rower takes you on a 2-hour journey through caves, temples and lakes. They usually wait for a group of four to assemble.

The technique needed to maneuver the boat inside the underwater caves is impressive , watch your head! During the whole trip, the scenery is mesmerizing.

Trang An is usually the second choice of travelers in Ninh Binh in terms of boat rides. Most people do Tam Coc only (HUGE mistake in my opinion, see below why) so you can expect fewer crowds.

Still, it’s advisable that you make your way there early in the morning or late in the afternoon where most day trippers coming in gigantic bus excursions are not there.

Getting to Trang An Grottoes

Trang An is 7km away from Ninh Binh and about 11km from Tam Coc.

At first we were relying on Google Maps to get to this place and we struggled. Tip: search for the Vietnamese name, Khu du lich sinh thái Tràng An, it will pin the right spot.

How much is the Trang An Boat Ride

Entrance fee is 150,000 dong (as per December 2016). You pay the ticket at the entrance and you’re not forced to do any extra tips or payments to the rower.

There is however a parking fee of 15,000 dong for two wheelers (bicycle or motorbike).

Ride a bike

Just renting a motorbike and explore the surroundings is already a reason to visit Ninh Binh. What we did was to look in the map where the next sight was and choose a longer and more unconventional way to get there. By skipping the main roads, you’re on to enrich your travel experience much more!

Wander through the tiny paths in the rice fields or the dirt roads leading to local communities and villages. Ninh Binh is one of those places where the children wave and say “Hello” to you when you pass in front of their houses.

It’s fascinating to see where people live, how do they work on the fields and how do they spend their day. As a bonus, there are loads of cute animals too!

Go temple-hopping

Scattered across the rice fields, enclosed in mountains on sitting on top of them, there is no shortage of temples in Ninh Binh.

Perhaps the most dramatic is Hang Mua. Sitting on top of hill 500 steps above ground, this temple is both a challenge and a delight. While the temple is somewhat unimpressive, the views over Tam Coc are stunning.


The view from the top!

The view from the top of Hang Mua

If you’re looking for something less challenging, but equally impressive, the recently built Bai Dinh Pagoda is a good option. This Buddhist temple is HUGE and is mostly visited by Vietnamese people.

Entrance to Bai Dinh

Entrance to Bai Dinh

Western corridor of Bai Dinh

Western corridor of Bai Dinh


But there are more. Bích Động Pagoda is a set of 3 temples carved into a limestone mountain next to Tam Coc.

Despite the fact it has been heavily destroyed, the ancient city of Hoa Lu, the former capital of Vietnam during the Dinh and the Le dynasties (1st century), is also worth a visit.

Entrance fees of temples in Ninh Binh (as per December 2016)

  • Hang Mua: there is a 100,000 dong entrance fee and a 3,000 dong bicycle/motorbike parking fee.
  • Bai Dinh Pagoda: free if you walk; 50,000 dong if you opt to get around with the electric car.
  • Bích Động Pagoda: free entrance but there is a 20,000 dong bicycle/motorbike parking fee.

Visit the Thung Nham Bird Garden

We only heard this place when our lovely friend who worked as a receptionist on our hotel mentioned it. She actually took us there and offered to be our guide. Thanks so much Trang!

Almost no one visits Thung Nham Bird Garden but it’s a shame because it’s a true beauty. Tucked away in the mountains, this natural park is basically where most of the birds of the region make their nest. If you visit during early morning or late afternoon, you’ll see the trees absolutely PACKED with all types of birds. It’s a true sight and a wonder of nature.

The park also has several caves and hiking trails and is perfect for take a bit of fresh air and go on a relaxing walk. It’s just 5km from Tam Coc center.

Go wild in Cuc Phuong National Park

Cuc Phong is a rare well-preserved rainforest. The place is known for its Botanical Garden and the Endangered Primates Rescue Centre, which has around 150 primates from all over Vietnam.

It’s a great place for biking, hiking and observe a wild range of animals, from birds to an amazing variety of colorful butterflies.

The National Park sits 45km from Ninh Binh and there is a mandatory 20,000 dong fee to hire a guide.

Why I skipped the Tam Coc boat ride

It might tempting to do the Tam Coc boat ride if you’re going in the rainy season when everything’s vibrant green. I understand. However I did skip the most hyped attraction in the Ninh Binh region. Here’s 3 reasons why.

  • #1 – it’s a frequent scam spot, it’s full of hawkers. After you a pay the ticket, rowers will stop rowing if you don’t give them an additional tip. When you’re finished with your ride, other people in shore will try to make you buy “food” for the rower.
  • #2 – the general feeling is that the ride is not as beautiful as Trang An‘s. Having done that one first, I would more likely be underwhelmed anyway.
  • #3 – you can still ride a bike along the fields and do your own tour.

Where to stay In Ninh Binh

First rule is allow yourself at least 2 full days in Ninh Binh. Most travelers come here on a day trip from Hanoi which it’s a shame. You can’t even scratch the surface of how beautiful this place is in only a few hours in the most packed touristy places.

Second rule is to skip staying in Ninh Binh city. Instead, base yourself in Tam Coc, in the countryside. It’s a small town closer to the main attractions – including the rice fields – and there you can experience the rural side of Vietnam.

Cost of things in Ninh Binh (as per December 2016)

I found the prices in Ninh Binh to be a bit lower than in big cities like Ho Chi Minh or Hanoi. You can easily get around with less than 40EUR/USD per day.

To give you a good idea of the budget you can expect, I’ll give you some examples of what things can cost.

Ninh Binh Costs

  • Vehicle rentals: motorbikes in Tam Coc can be rented from 100,000 dong/day. Bikes for half that price.
  • Gasoline: many places along the road can fill your deposit for 80,000 dong. If you go to the petrol station, this can be as low as 30,000 dong
  • Food: Local restaurants served main dishes starting at 150,000 dong. A bowl of pho (noodle soup) starts at 40,000 dong though. A Tiger beer started at 25,000 dong.
  • Water: don’t forget to hydrate. A big water bottle (1,5L) was around 25,000 dong.
  • Entrance fees: entrance to the temples was generally 50,000 dong. The boat ride in Trang Anwas 150,000 dong, but in Tam Coc is 180,000 dong.
  • Accommodation: I’d say you can expect to pay somewhere between 500,000 and 800,000 dong for day for a medium-quality double room in most places. Of course there are backpacker dorms cheaper and luxury rooms more expensive than this.
ninh binh travel guide cows rice fields
Some of the cute inhabitants of Ninh Binh.

Ninh Binh Travel Tips

  • Take your time to unwind.
    A day trip is not enough to truly feel the essence of Ninh Binh. Try to stay a couple of nights and don’t rush your daily activities!
  • Make sure you bring enough money.
    There are no ATMs in Tam Coc. If you’re staying there and in need of cash, you’ll need to go to Ninh Binh city (7km away) to withdraw money.
  • Keep your calm when driving!
    Vietnamese can be a bit crazy on the road and if you hear a lot of honks, you’re not doing anything wrong. They just like to announce their presence to everyone.
ninh binh travel guide limestones view

Ninh Binh Review

I’ll say it straight away: Ninh Binh is one of the most underrated places I’ve been. There aren’t many people talking about it and even I only decided to include 2,5 days of it on my Vietnam itinerary as a last minute decision. It totally exceeded my expectations.

The region boasts a breathtaking, sometimes surreal, landscape. The Karst limestone scenery is truly a wonder and always present as a backdrop on everywhere you go. The best I can describe it is like I was trapped inside a National Geographic documentary all the time.

But this is just the pretty package. What I liked the most about Ninh Binh however was what I discovered insideauthenticity. For some days, you don’t have to face the hectic streets of Saigon, the vendors in Hanoi or the the massive crowds in Halong Bay.

It’s all about the peaceful rural and real Vietnam, the one I wanted to find in the first place when I booked my flight.

I can see this dormant state quickly shift and Ninh Binh become a powerhouse as a travel destination in the upcoming years. Somehow it already is amongst some Asian tourists, but I’m sure the hype will spread to the rest of the world. The potential is all there.

Ninh Binh Travel Review

☆☆☆☆☆ – nhec!
★★★★★ – wow!


  • Accessibility: ★★★☆☆
  • Accommodation: ★★★★☆
  • Activities/Things to do: ★★★☆☆
  • Cost (Overall): ★★★★☆
  • Food: ★★★★☆
  • Getting Around: ★★★★☆
  • People and Culture: ★★★★☆
  • Safety: ★★★★★
  • Scenery and Environment: ★★★★★
  • Uniqueness: ★★★★☆
Emerging from the cave - Van Long Nature Reserve
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